Eurostar shoots across the English Channel. The Eurostar is a train linking Britain, France and Belgium by a tunnel underneath the English Channel. The rail is 50 km long.
The owners of Eurostar operate 25 high speed passengers’ trains that shoot through the English Channel in an underground tunnel. At St. Pancras International train station in London you board the train and 2hours and 15minutes later you are in the heart of France although it only takes 20minutes to cross the channel its top speed is 160mph.
Eurostar is owned by The National Railways of Belgium, France or SNCF and Eurostar UK. Each Eurostar owner is responsible for rails in their country.
In 2002 trains could lean against bends as it goes round. This system allows it to go faster without derailing this train can reach speeds up to 125 mph.
A tilting train is a train that has a design enabling increased speed on regular rail tracks. As a train rounds a curve at speed, objects inside the train experience centrifugal force. This can cause packages to slide about or seated passengers to feel squashed by the outboard armrest due to its centrifugal force, and standing passengers to lose their balance. Tilting trains are designed to counteract this discomfort. In a curve to the left the train tilts to the left to compensate for the g-force push to the right, and vice versa. The train may be constructed such that inertial forces cause the tilting (passive tilt), or it may have a computer-controlled power mechanism (active tilt).
The maglev is a train that has no wheels. Instead of wheels it floats above the track with the power of magnets. Japan and Germany have already run exiting tests with speeds of 552kph. By 2020 the maglev could possible reach speeds of 800kph. Alternatives to airplanes — feet, cars, buses, boats and conventional trains — are just too slow for today’s fast-paced society.
However, there is a new form of transportation that could revolutionize transportation of the 21st century the way airplanes did in the 20th century. A few countries are using powerful electromagnets to develop high-speed trains, called maglev trains. Maglev is short for magnetic levitation, which means that these trains will float over a guide way using the basic principles of magnets to replace the old steel wheel and track trains. In this article, you will learn how electromagnetic propulsion works, how three specific types of maglev trains work and where you can ride one of these trains.
The Bullet Train
The Bullet Train rail opened in 1964 to link islands of Hunshu and Kyuhu and can go up to 300kph. The Shinkansen, also known as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan operated by four Japan Railways Group companies. Starting with the Tōkaidō Shinkansen in 1964, the network has expanded to currently consist of 2,387.7 km of lines with maximum speeds of 240–300 km/h, 283.5 km (176.2 mi) of Mini-shinkansen with a maximum speed of 130 km/h (81 mph) and 10.3 km (6.4 mi) of spur lines with Shinkansen services. The network presently links most major cities on the islands of Honshu and Kyushu, with construction of a link to the northern island of Hokkaido underway and plans to increase speeds on the Tōhoku Shinkansen up to 320 km/h (199 mph). Test runs have reached 443 km/h (275 mph) for conventional rail in 1996 and up to a world record 581 km/h (361 mph) for maglev train sets in 2003.
Shintansen is japans high speed rail system with trains reaching 300kph. Since it opened 47 years ago it has carried over 6 billion people.
Now days Japan rails carry 22billion people yearly. In rush hour pushers find passengers and brings them to their train to stop delays.
Swedish railways are called SJ and the Swedish government. SJ sells 40m train journeys a year and sells over 70,000 daily.
SJ have both local and regional journeys. There fastest train is called X2000and goes 220mph. SJ’s longest journey is 1,400km long and runs from Copenhagen to Bjorklida. SJ only uses renewable electricity from wind towers so it very eco friendly. When travelling from Gothenburg to Stockholm it only emits 3kg of carbon dioxide, a car 45kg and a plane 70kg.